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新疆25选7开奖结果是:新西蘭留學生經濟報告作業:National Economic Report of New Zealand (2010-2016)

論文編號:lw201904101402391944 所屬欄目:幫寫留學生作業 發布日期:2019年04月11日 論文作者:論文網
1.0 Introduction引言
新西蘭位于太平洋西南部,是一個高度發達的資本主義國家。世界銀行將新西蘭列為世界上對商業最友好的國家之一,并成功地從以農業為主的經濟體轉變為具有國際競爭力的工業化自由市場經濟體(Barbieri,2016年)。新西蘭國土面積268680平方公里,在所有國家和地區中排名第75位。
New Zealand is located in the southwest Pacific, New Zealand is a highly developed capitalist country. The World Bank lists New Zealand as one of the most business-friendly countries in the world, and it has been successfully transformed from a predominantly agricultural economy to an internationally competitive, industrialized free market economy (Barbieri, 2016). New Zealand has a land area of 268,680 km2, ranking 75th among all countries and regions.
2015年新西蘭總人口464萬人,其中歐洲后裔74%,毛利人15%,亞洲12%,太平洋島民7%。新西蘭2015年的國內生產總值(GDP)為1737.54億美元,人均國內生產總值為37340美元。2015年,新西蘭人均國民總收入為40020美元(Giorgi和Gambetti,2017年)。2015年,新西蘭失業率為5.4%。2015年新西蘭的通貨膨脹率為0.3%(Giorgi和Gambetti,2017年)。新西蘭政府支出29.39億美元,占當年國內生產總值的16.91%。2015年,新西蘭政府預算赤字為-2.85億美元,占GDP的-0.17%(CountryEconomy,2017年)。2010年至2016年,由于歐洲債務?;?、中國經濟放緩等因素導致世界經濟形勢不穩定,對新西蘭經濟造成了一定程度的影響,新西蘭政府采取了一系列措施應對這些挑戰,最終取得了良好的效果。確保新西蘭經濟的穩定發展。本研究介紹了2010-2016年新西蘭經濟發展中的一些問題,以及新西蘭政府采取了哪些措施來解決這些問題,以及這些措施的效果。In 2015, New Zealand has a total population of 4.64 million, of which 74% are European descendants, 15% are Maori, 12% are Asian, and 7% are Pacific Islanders. New Zealand's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015 was US $ 173,754 million, with per capita GDP of US $ 37,340. In 2015, New Zealand’s GNI Per capita was 40,020 dollars (Giorgi and Gambetti, 2017). In 2015, New Zealand's unemployment rate was 5.4%. Inflation in New Zealand in 2015 was 0.3% (Giorgi and Gambetti, 2017). New Zealand's government expenditure was US $ 2939 0million, accounting for 16.91% of its GDP in that year. In 2015, New Zealand's government budget deficit was -285 million US dollars, accounting for - 0.17% of GDP (Countryeconomy, 2017). From 2010 to 2016, due to the instability in the world economic situation caused by European debt crisis, China's economic slowdown, and other factors, it caused a certain degree of impact on the New Zealand economy, the New Zealand government has taken a series of measures to deal with these challenges, and eventually achieved good results to ensure the stable development of the New Zealand economy. This study presents some of the issues in New Zealand's economic development during the period of 2010-2016, and what measures that the New Zealand government has taken to address them, as well as the effects of these measures.
2.0 Main body
2.1 Diminishing marginal effect
2.1.1 Definition of marginal effect
2.1.2 The marginal effect of the real estate industry
2.1.3 Government measures to counter marginal effects
2.2 Unemployment rate
2.2.1 Causes of unemployment rate rise
2.2.2 Costs for unemployment rate rise
2.2.3 Measures taken by the government
2.2.4 Types of unemployment
2.3 Inflation rate
2.4 GDP
2.5 World economic cycle
2.5.1 Definition and performance of the world economic cycle
2.5.2 Global events links with recession
2.5.2.1 The impact of the US subprime mortgage crisis
2.5.2.2 The impact of European debt crisis 
2.5.2.3 Recession in emerging markets 
2.5.2.4 Bulk material prices fell sharply
2.6 Official cash rate
2.7 Multiplier effect and automatic stabilization effect
2.7.1 Multiplier effect of New Zealand's fiscal policy
2.7.2 Automatic stabilization effect
2.8 Crowding-out effect
3.0 Conclusion
From 2010 to 2016, despite there was relatively high inflation rate in New Zealand, the New Zealand government succeeded in keeping New Zealand's inflation rate at 1% -3% by raising OCR first and then lowering OCR to ensure that the economic fluctuations would not have a great impact on people's lives. During this time, especially after 2015, the New Zealand government has implemented an expanded fiscal policy, through increasing government spending, expanding domestic demands made New Zealand's economy keep a high growth rate at a time when the world economy was in recession. In order to stimulate economic development, the government of New Zealand adopted the policy of encour
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