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新疆25选7号码:不可能的愛情在中國寓言"梁山伯與祝英臺"和歐洲歌劇"特里斯坦和伊爾索德"

論文編號:lw201904191149065926 所屬欄目:戲劇論文 發布日期:2019年04月19日 論文作者:論文網
摘要
作為中西方重要的愛情故事典型,《特里斯坦與伊索爾德》和《梁山伯與祝英臺》在各自文化和人群中引發了強烈的思考。梁祝作為中國民間文化的四大悲劇之一,在中華文化的土壤中生根發芽,吸引了一代又一代受眾投入到故事的閱讀、欣賞和傳播中。由于兩部名劇產生于不同的文化和社會背景,在故事產生和發展的起始階段,有著諸多的差異,從外觀上看,缺少直接對比的可能性。但由于兩者作為愛情悲劇的屬性,使其具有了比較“不可能愛情”的基礎。
作為我國流傳時間最久(超過1500年)、范圍最廣(覆蓋大江南北、全國各地)、藝術表現形式最為豐富(傳奇、地方戲、民歌等)的故事之一,梁祝故事的產生和發展具有極強的歷史豐富性。從產生時間來說,大致出現在公元400年的晉朝末期。民間故事和傳說中,對于梁祝故事有著豐富的記錄、演繹和拓展,經過文人雅士的記錄和發揮后,故事走向出現了變化。此后,經過人民群眾的口頭傳播和加工,梁祝故事開始具備完整的故事雛形。但在宋朝之前,梁祝故事中主要以愛情故事內容本身為主,并沒有關于反抗封建禮教限制,為愛殉情的具體細節描述。
歌劇《特里斯坦與伊索爾德》的創作靈感來自于威森東克夫人,對作者來說,在這段關系的結束中,失去的不只是一段充滿失望和絕望的愛情,更是驕傲內心的崩潰。瓦格納在性格上非??癜梁妥運?,經常將自己幻想成為凌駕一切的偉人,而偉人面臨的感情挫折,會引發內心巨大的波動和創作上的巨大改變?!短乩鎪固褂胍了鞫隆犯杈韁興澩锏鬧魈獠皇僑死嘈叛齙募崾睪推潑?,而是使信仰和愛情毀滅的東西。它對現實中由于愛欲導致的痛苦和背叛進行了深刻的描寫。具有強烈象征意義的是,藝術家在體驗到生活的不幸時,才能創作出感人至深的作品。在《特》劇第三幕的“愛之死”中,觀眾能夠感受到的是無依無靠、孤苦伶仃的感覺,它既是對瓦格納內心情感的描述,也是對自身體驗的一種展示,而這種展示,在很大程度上觸動了人們的內心。
本文將結合梁祝故事和《特里斯坦與伊索爾德》歌劇的愛情故事開展對比,尋找其共同點和差異,通過故事背景、內容以及價值傾向、創作態度等方面的比較,使讀者對中西方故事中不可能愛情的共性及差異具有更加清晰、系統的認識,提升其藝術鑒賞能力和感受能力。在研究方法上,本文側重于故事背景、故事內容和文化價值傾向等方面的對比。在研究目的方面,筆者期望通過對這兩個故事的比較,使人們對不可能愛情的表現形式、共性及差異等形成較為系統的認識。
通過前面部分對梁祝故事和歌劇《特里斯坦與伊索爾德》的內容介紹、異同點對比,本文對兩個不可能的愛情故事的過程、結局以及創作手法等進行了深入分析。兩者雖然產生于不同的社會文化背景、倫理觀念和社會狀況都有著較大差異,但愛情故事在創作和傳播方面也存在著比較的可能性,特別是在創作手法上,實現了現實主義與浪漫主義的良好結合。這兩個故事能夠廣泛地進行傳播,激發了人們對愛情的渴望和追求,并且把愛情的力量及為愛努力、為愛付出的高尚境界揭示出來。
作為在東西方愛情故事和戲劇創作等領域閃耀著光彩的作品,梁祝故事和歌劇《特里斯坦與伊索爾德》在創作動因、創作手法、對于愛情的態度以及最終的解決方面存在著共同點,而在人物身份、故事結構、悲劇產生原因以及倫理觀念等方面,則存在著顯著的差異,相信通過對這些共同點和差異的分析,可以增加讀者對不可能愛情的表現、產生原因等異同點的認識,并最終提升讀者文學作品的鑒賞能力。
關鍵詞:不可能愛情,藝術表達,異同點
Abstract
As an important love story of a typical Chinese and western, "Tristan and isolde" and "the butterfly lovers" in their own culture and the crowd sparked intense thinking. Butterfly lovers as one of the four great tragedies of Chinese folk culture, take root in the soil of the Chinese culture, has attracted generations of audience into reading, appreciation and spread of the story. Due to the two stage produced in different cultural and social background, at the beginning of the emergence and development of the story, have many differences, look from the exterior, the possibility of a lack of direct comparison. But as a result of both as attributes of love tragedy, make its have compared the basis of "impossible love". 
Circulating in China the most long (more than 1500 years), the most widely (covering the great river north and south, across the country), art forms (legend, local opera, folk songs, etc.) the most abundant one of the stories, the history of the emergence and development of the butterfly lovers story with strong richness. From the produce time, generally appear in the late jin dynasty in 400 AD. Folk stories and legends, the butterfly lovers story has a wealth of records, deduction and development, after a literati, record and play, the story has changed. Since then, after the people's oral transmission and processing, butterfly lovers story began to have a complete prototype. But before the song dynasty, the butterfly lovers in the story are mainly composed of love story content itself, not about revolt against feudal ethical code limits, details description of the double suicide for love. 
Opera Tristan and isolde "of creative inspiration comes from the wesson east lady, for the author, in the end of a relationship, lost not just a love which is full of disappointment and despair, but the collapse of the proud heart. Wagner in personality is very proud and selfish, often will be over all the great men of his fantasy, and a great man face the feelings of frustration, can lead to heart huge fluctuations and creation on the huge change. "Tristan and isolde" opera theme is not expressed in human beliefs and burst, but to make destruction of faith and love. It to reality because lust studied the cause of the pain and betrayal. With a strong symbolic meaning, when artists to experience life misfortune, to create a touching work. In the third act ", "play" the death of love ", the audience can feel the feeling is lonely, alone, it is not only the description of Wagner, feelings, is also a display of their own experien
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