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网上买新疆35选7:淺談組織行為學在企業中的運用

論文編號:lw200704062140313888 所屬欄目:組織行為學論文 發布日期:2018年01月15日 論文作者:無憂論文網
摘要:本論文是對中日企業應用組織行為理論來進行企業管理的比較研究。國內外的實踐證明,組織行為理論在研究員工的各種需要、行為、人與人之間的關系、個人與集體之間的關系,研究上述諸因素與組織目標的關系,并據此進一步研究改進生產環境,組織結構,管理方法,協調人際的關系,從精神上、物質上引導員工充分發揮他們的勞動創造性和工作積極性,提高工作效率和工作效益,推進企業的可持續發展,有著極其重要的作用 本論文首先對基本的組織行為理論進行了重點研究;在此基礎上對中國的海爾集團和日本的松下公司應用組織行為理論來管理企業進行了實證分析和對比分析;最后對中國企業如何應用組織行為理論來管理企業提出了建議。 本論文的研究結果表明: (1)組織行為理論的思想基礎是“社會人”,它著眼的基本點是將人作為管理活動的核心。利用組織行為理論來管理企業,可以有效地形成企業的凝聚力和團隊精神,可以充分地激發員工的創造性和積極性,可以極大地提高企業的工作效率和經濟效益,可以推動企業的可持續發展。 (2)對于企業的可持續發展來說,現代企業管理制度是基礎,組織行為理論與方法是催化劑和助燃劑;二者的合理搭配與波動均衡,可推動企業的可持續發展。一個優秀的企業管理者,不但要懂得現代企業制度的有關理論與方法,而且還要懂得組織行為學的有關理論與方法,才能調動員工的積極性,推動企業的可持續發展。 (3)全員參與、因勢利導、以人為本,是海爾集團運用組織行為理論推動企業管理的集中表現。勞資同權、人力資源核心論、尊重人性,是松下公司運用組織行為理論推動企業管理的集中表現。在組織行為理論的應用方面,中日企業既有共同點、又有差異點。從應用組織行為理論來管理企業的總體效果而言,目前日本企業暫時勝中國企業一籌。 (4)在企業管理中、組織行為理論應用的廣度和深度,與生產力發展的水平有關;應用的效果和效益,與管理者的領導能力和員工的綜合素質有關;組織行為理論在企業管理中的應用與推廣,是一個循序漸進的過程,不可能存在跨時空的飛躍。 (5)目前,組織行為理論在中國企業管理中的應用,有著廣闊的需求市場。我們應當根據我國企業推行現代企業制度改革、以及加入WTO后面臨各種機遇和挑戰的實際情況,積極引進西方的組織行為理論,并結合我國有關的儒家文化思想,創新出新的管理理論和管理方法,用以推動我國企業的可持續發展。 英文摘要:This study is a comparative study of applying the theory of organization behavior to business management between enterprises in China and Japan. Experiments from the world have proved that the theory of organization behavior has an important effect on researching the relations among all kinds of the staff demands, behaviors, the relationships of personal and the relationships between person and collective. The theory of organization behavior researches the relations among the above factors and organization objectives. It also studies how to improve the production environment, organizational structure, the method of management and relations among people. The theory of organization behavior leads staff to bring them into full play in working hard and creativeness. It can promote work efficiency and benefit. It may advance the enterprises sustainable development. This study first researches the basic theory of organization behavior emphatically. Then on the basic of this, a comparative study has been performed through analyzing how to apply the theory of organization behavior to business management between Hai-er Group. in China and National Group. in Japan. At last the strategic proposals on how to apply the theory of organization behavior to business management in China are put forward. The following conclusions can be derived from the paper investigations: (1) The idea base of the theory of organization behavior is “society people”, its foundation is that people is the center of management activity. To manage enterprise by the theory of organization behavior, it may effectively form a cohesive force of enterprise and spirits of group. It may fully arouse the creativeness and enthusiasm of staff. It may promote work efficiency and benefit of business. It may advance the enterprises sustainable development. (2) Modern business management system is the foundation about the enterprises sustainable development. The theory and method of organization behavior are catalytic promoter and combustion supporting. It may advance the enterprises sustainable development if both of them arrange in pairs or groups equitably and keep balance. As a good business manager, he should not only know the theory and method of modern business system, but also know the theory and method of organization behavior. Then he can arouse the enthusiasm of staff to advance the enterprises sustainable development. (3) Staff partaking, adroitly guide action according to circumstances and basing on people are the epitomizer that Hai-er Group. apply the theory of organization behavior to advance the business management. Labor and capital being equal, the key theory of human resource and respecting human nature are the epitomizer that National Group. apply the theory of organization behavior to advance the business management. On applying the theory of organization behavior, there are both common ground and difference between enterprises in China and Japan. At presen